China is a party to the Hague Adoption Convention, which means any adoption from China needs to not only meet the requirements of the convention, but also the state that the prospective adoptive parent resides within the United States.Some of the Chinese Adoption Requirements include:
Marriage - Only married couples, with marriage defined as between a man and a woman, who have been married for at least 2 years are able to adopt from China. If either has been divorced, the couple must be married for 5 years before considering adopting from China. No more than two divorces are allowed.
Age - Prospective adoptive parents must be between the ages of 30 and 44 years old to adopt babies around 1 year old. Prospective adoptive parents can be between the ages of 30 and 50 for other childrena and up to age 55 will be consider for special needs children.
Weight - Prospective adoptive parents must have a Body Mass Index, a measure of obesity, of no more than 40.
Health - Prospective parents must not be taking medications for psychiatric conditions including depression or anxiety.
Appearance & Abilities - Adoptive parents with a "severe facial deformity" will not be considered. Prospective parents who are wheelchair dependent will not be considered.
Single Woman Adoption - As of March 15, 2011, the China Center for Children Welfare and Adoption (CCCWA), (formerly the China Center of Adoption Affairs), states that single women may now adopt from China. Single women will be allowed to adopt what the CCCWA calls 'Special Focus' children.
Special Focus children have special needs or are pre-school or school age and have been on a waiting list for more than 60 days. Special Focus may also mean that a child does not have a special need, but is older and has been on the waiting list for more than 60 days. Learn more about the adoption requirements for single women interested in adopting from China.