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What Is the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006?

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Question: What Is the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006?

The Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006, Public Law 109-248, focuses on the need to protect children from sexual offenders, violent crimes, and child pornography with a nationalized system for the registration of sex offenders. This law also emphasizes the need to promote Internet safety.

This law also recognizes John and Reve Walsh on the twenty-fifth anniversary of the abduction and murder of Adam Walsh.

Answer:

Other Points and Goals of The Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006, Public Law 109-248

  • Requires prospective foster and adoptive parents to be fingerprinted and for thoe prints to be checked against the national crime information databases (NCID).

  • Requires background checks for prospective foster and adoptive parents on State child abuse and neglect registries for all adults living in the home and in all States they have resided in over the past five years.

  • Directed the Secretary of Health and Human Services to create a national registry of child abuse and neglect cases.

  • Sex offenders must register before being released from imprisonment or within three days of a non-imprisonment sentence. Changes in registry must occur within that time period as well. Each sex offender must report the following: name, social security number, address, employer address, school(if student) and address; license plate number and description of vehicle.

  • The sex offender registry must include for each offender: a physical description, the criminal offense, criminal history, dates of arrests and convictions and release status, current photograph, fingerprints and palm prints, DNA sample, a copy of a valid driver's license or ID card, and any other information required by the attorney general.

  • The law requires that the states make this registry available on the Internet with search capabilities.

  • The law also creates federal offenses and penalties for child exploitation via the Internet. This includes knowingly embedding words and digital images into web source code in order to trick children into accessing the material.

  • The law increases the number of forensic examiners that are dedicated to the investigation of crimes involving the sexual exploitation of children. It also allows for the forming of additional Internet Crimes Against Children Task Forces.

July 27, 2006: Signed by President George W. Bush
July 25, 2006: House agreed to Senate amendments by voice vote
July 20, 2006: Passed Senate as amended by voice vote
March 8, 2006: Passed House by voice vote.

SOURCES:
NCSL SUMMARY P.L. 109-248 (HR 4472) - Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006 - National Conference of State Legislatures
Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006 P.L. 109-248 - Overview - Child Welfare Information Gateway

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